The biogeography of Cuban Asteraceae and their relations to the rest of Antillean genera and species are discussed. In this region, diversification and speciation in the Asteraceae has taken place mainly in the tribe Eupatorieae and a few other tribes. Evolution in these groups appears in a striking way which is also found in the rest of the Antilles, but mostly in the Greater Antilles and not in the mainland. The importance of climatic and edaphic factors on speciation, and the influence man has had on their dispersal is stressed.

Key words: Asteraceae, biogeography, Cuba