Several orders and families of the angiosperm clade eurosid II include well-documented fossil fruits. Published descriptions of these fossil fruits are analyzed to test whether the fruits do in fact belong where they have been placed; and, if so, examine how selected characters of these fruits compare with those which would have been inferred from current phylogenies of eurosid II. Relevant fossil taxa include Dressiantha (Capparales), Florissantia (Malvales), Sterculiocarpus coloradensis (Sterculiaceae), Pteleaecarpum (Tiliaceae, Craigia), Daberocarpon (Malvaceae), Landeenia (Sapindales), Sapindaceacarpum and Wehrwolfea (Sapindaceae), and Turpinia (Staphyleaceae).

Key words: Capparales, fossil fruits, Malvales, paleobotany, Sapindales, systematics