Phoenix humilis, commonly known as the Dwarf Date Palm or the Hill Date Palm, is native to India and is found throughout the country in hilly regions. The variety studied in this report, Phoenix humilis var. pedunculata, grows at about 2,000 m in the Western Ghats Mountain Range. The fruits are sweet and edible and the pith of the stem can be eaten and juiced. The leaves are used in the construction of mats, baskets, handbags, brooms, and cordage. Borassus flabellifer, which is thought to have originated from Africa, is commonly known as the Palmyra Palm. The edible fruit contains 3 nut-like portions, each of which encloses a seed. The sweet sap of the palm is fermented to make toddy, a popular alcoholic beverage. The sap is also used medicinally and can be made into a granulated sugar. The leaves and petioles are used for thatching, matting, making baskets, hats, boxes, and rope. The leaves of P. humilis and B. flabellifer are used in the construction of brooms in Chavidi Pudor, a village in the western part of Tamil Nadu, India. The leaves of P. humilis are gathered and dried in the mountains near the village and the petioles of B. flabellifer are purchased from men who climb the palms to collect. The brooms are constructed in Chavidi Pudor and are then sold in nearby villages and in the city, Coimbitore.

Key words: Borassus flabellifer, ethnobotany, Phoenix humilis