Human life is absolutely impossible without pants. Plants however, in most cases, are completely independent from human activity. Nevertheless, in some cases because of human activity or inactivity, many species of plants are threatened with extinction. Whereas, among them there are species with huge significance for human life, and in the first place representatives of agrobiodiversity. Armenia is a small mountainous country located in the Caucasus region. Its territory covers less than 30,000 km2 and presents a complex terrain with a high diversity of vegetation and ecosystems. The country combines different habitats like deserts and semi-deserts, alpine meadows, forests, feather grass steppes, and others. The diversity of natural and climatic conditions, the location of the country at the crossroads of different floristic regions, and an active geological record has resulted in the presence of 3,500 species of vascular plants. Armenia is a center of species diversity for many genera such as Centaurea, Pyrus, Astragalus, etc. The local endemic flora comprises more than 120 species. N. I. Vavilov identified Armenia as one of the centers of biodiversity for wild relatives of cultivated plants and as one of the centers of origin of cultivated plants (wheat, pea, lenses, grape, etc.). Also there is a significant diversity of other wild relatives of cultivated plants. A total of 543 species has been recorded here. The list comprises of 4 genera (22 species) of wild relatives of grain cultures, 3 genera (6) of grain-bean plants, 21 genera (366) of fodder, 6 genera (65) of vegetable crops, and 22 genera (62) of fruit-berry plants. According our investigations about half of them are endangered. We have elaborated a project for the conservation and sustainable use of agrobiodiversity of Armenia. We would like to ask for your assistance in its implementation.

Key words: agrobiodiversity, Armenia, conservation, sustainable use, useful plants, wild relatives